Electricity Feed Laws & Feed-in Tariffs

While not exhaustive, this site contains an extensive collection of articles on Feed-in Tariffs, Advanced Renewable Tariffs, Renewable Energy Payments, and what some Americans are calling CLEAN contracts. Learn more about feed-in tariffs and how they have been successful in Europe, and how they can benefit North Americans.

What are Feed-in Tariffs?

Feed-in tariffs are simply payments per kilowatt-hour for electricity generated by a renewable resource. In North America this simple idea is known by many different names: Electricity Feed Laws, Feed-in Laws, Feed-in Tariffs (FITs), Advanced Renewable Tariffs (ARTs), Renewable Tariffs, Renewable Energy Payments, and more recently CLEAN (for Clean Local Energy Accessible Now) contracts. Regardless of the name, they are the world’s most successful policy mechanism for stimulating the rapid development of renewable energy.

Feed-in tariffs are also the most egalitarian method for determining where, when, and how much renewable generating capacity will be installed. Renewable Tariffs enable homeowners, farmers, cooperatives, and First Nations (Native North Americans) to participate on an equal footing with large commercial developers of renewable energy.

Electricity Feed Laws permit the interconnection of renewable sources of electricity with the electric-utility network and at the same time specify how much the renewable generator is paid for their electricity and over how long a period.

Electricity Feed Laws have been widely used in Europe, most notably in Germany, France, and Spain.

Advanced Renewable Tariffs (ARTs) are the modern version of Electricity Feed Laws. ARTs differ from simpler feed-in tariffs in several important ways. Most importantly, ARTs are differentiated by technology, application, project size, or resource intensity. There is one price for wind energy, another price for solar, and so on. Tariffs within each technology can also be differentiated by project size or, in the case of wind and solar energy, by the productivity of the resource. Tariffs for new projects are also subject to periodic review to determine if the tariffs are sufficiently robust to meet the targets desired in the time allotted.

What are Tariffs?

Tariffs are the price paid per kilowatt-hour of electricity consumed, or in this case, generated. The term is commonly used in North America’s electric utility industry. The term is also commonly used in Europe. Tariffs are not taxes nor in this context customs duties on goods crossing international borders.

Finally, The EU’s Market Policy Recognizes Reality


Paul Gipe

After decades of ideological mismanagement of the blocs’ electricity market policy, change may be on the horizon. The EU’s policy …

Friedrich-Wilhelm-Luebke-Koog is now nearing its 30th anniversary as one of the first community-owned wind farms in Germany. The wind farm is owned by 90% of the residents of the polder.

Feed-in Tariffs Needed Now to Meet Paris Climate Targets Says Report


Paul Gipe

If we are to meet the Paris climate targets, feed-in tariffs for renewable energy are needed now more than ever says a report by Toby Couture and colleagues at Proseu, Prosumers for the Energy Union. The topic is timely as world leaders gather in Glasgow for COP 26 to discuss ways of drastically cutting carbon emissions.

Renewables Surcharge the Best Way to Protect the Planet


Hans-josef Fell

Renewables currently provide about half of Germany’s electricity. Two decades ago, the energy industry wouldn’t have considered that possible. The technology revolution unleashed by the EEG has spread worldwide. The EEG has been copied in more than 100 countries, making it the most influential climate-protection law ever.


Major New Study Criticizes Auctions: Recommends More Equitable Policies to Spur Rapid Renewable Energy Development


Paul Gipe

In a sign that Feed-in Tariffs as a policy mechanism for the rapid—and equitable—development of renewable energy are not dead and that their proponents have not given up the hope of a brighter post Covid-19 future, the Energy Watch Group has released a major new report.

Last year’s European tidal power generation 50% higher than 2018


Tami Hood

European tidal power capacity continued rising throughout 2019. This brought it to a cumulative 27.7 MW. That figure represents nearly four times as much as the total figure from the rest of the world. This was achieved despite a deployment slowdown in Europe. Developers have been readying themselves for larger projects to be installed in the water within the next handful of years, reducing the number of smaller installations currently being added.

Optimizing Feed-In Tariffs to boost renewable energy production


Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are crucial tools to increase the adoption of renewable energy technologies. But setting them at the right level (price) is a balancing act. If they are poorly designed, they can backfire, stunting the industry and wasting public money. A duo of HEC researchers, along with a colleague from the University of Texas at Austin, have shown that, to set optimal FIT levels, regulators must take into account the behaviours all players affected, including technology manufacturers.

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