Midwest Wind Integration Study

By Paul Gipe

The Midwest Wind Integration Study, which was required by the Minnesota legislature in 2005 to evaluate reliability and other impacts of higher levels of wind generation, found that the total integration cost for up to 25% wind energy delivered to all Minnesota customers is less than one-half cent ($0.0045) per kWh of wind generation. See http://www.puc.state.mn.us/news_events/index.htm#electric.